Download Manufacturing Industries Class 10 PDF
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|File name||Manufacturing Industries Class 10 PDF|
|No. of Pages||7|
|File size||91 KB|
|Date Added||Mar 17, 2023|
Overview of Manufacturing Industries Class 10
Manufacturing industries are one of the most important sectors of any economy. They involve the production of goods using raw materials and other inputs. In Class 10, students typically learn about the different types of manufacturing industries, their significance, and the various factors that influence their growth and development.
Some of the key topics covered in a Class 10 Manufacturing Industries curriculum may include:
- Types of Manufacturing Industries: Students learn about the different types of manufacturing industries such as textile, iron and steel, automobile, and electronic industries, among others. They learn about the processes involved in each industry and the products they produce.
- Importance of Manufacturing Industries: Students are taught about the significance of manufacturing industries in economic development, employment generation, and the overall growth of the country.
- Factors Influencing the Growth of Manufacturing Industries: Students learn about the various factors that affect the growth of manufacturing industries such as availability of raw materials, capital, labor, power, and transportation.
- Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation: Students are taught about the negative impact of manufacturing industries on the environment, such as air and water pollution, and how these can be mitigated.
- Industrial Location: Students learn about the importance of location in the establishment and growth of manufacturing industries. They also learn about the different factors that influence the choice of location such as proximity to raw materials, availability of transportation, and access to markets.
Overall, the study of manufacturing industries in Class 10 provides a foundational understanding of the role of manufacturing in the economy, the factors that influence its growth and development, and the impact of industrialization on the environment.
What is the manufacturing sector? Describe four types of manufacturing sectors on the basis of ownership.
Ans : [CBSE 2015]
Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing.
Four types of the manufacturing sector on the basis of ownership are:
a. Public sector owned by Govt, agencies. For example, BHEL, SAIL, etc,
b. Private sector owned by individuals or a group of individuals. For example, TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd, Dabur Industries, etc.
c. Joint sector jointly owned by the state and individuals. For example, Oil India Ltd, etc.
d. Cooperative sector is owned by and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. For example Amul, Mother Dairy, OMFED, sugar industry and coir industry, etc.
Describe the various physical and human factors responsible for the location of industries.
Ans : [CBSE 2014]
a. Availability of raw materials: Ideal location should be near the sources of raw materials.
b. Power resources: Power resources like coal and electricity must be available for the industry.
c. Water and favourable climate.
a. Cheap and efficient labour,
b. Capital and bank facilities,
c. Good market,
d. Transport facility.
“The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries.” Support the statement with arguments.
Ans : [CBSE 2016]
Role of manufacturing industries in economic development:
1. Manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of development.
2. All round development depends on industries,
3. Industries help in modernising agriculture,
4. Reduces the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them with jobs.
5. Industrial development is a precondition for the eradication of unemployment and poverty in the country.
6. It aims at bringing down regional disparities.
7. Expansion of manufactured goods.
8. Trade and commerce bring in much-needed foreign exchange.
9. India’s prosperity lies in increasing and diversifying its manufacturing industries as quickly as possible.
Evaluate the factors which are responsible for the location of the jute industry in West Bengal. [CBSE 2016, 2014] or Describe any five factors responsible for the concentration of jute mills along the banks of the Hugh river. [CBSE 2015]
Ans: Factors for the concentration of jute mills in West Bengal:
a. Proximity of the jute-producing areas.
b. Inexpensive water transport.
c. Abundant water.
d. Cheap and skilled labour.
e. Port facilities.
f. Kolkata as a large urban centre provides banking and insurance facilities,
“Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand”. Validate the statement. [CBSE 2016] or “Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand”. Justify the statement by giving any three arguments.
Ans : [CBSE 2012]
After industrial activity starts, urbanisation follows.
a. Sometimes industries are located in or near the cities.
b. Cities provide markets for manufactured goods.
c. Cities provide various services like banking and insurance etc.
Why is the economic strength of a country measured by the development of manufacturing industries? Explain with examples. [CBSE 2018]
Ans: The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries.
The manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of development in general and economic development in particular mainly because:
- a. Manufacturing industries not only help in modernising agriculture, which forms the backbone of our economy but also reduces the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
- b. Industrial development is a precondition for the eradication of unemployment and poverty in our country.
- c. It was also aimed at bringing down regional disparities by establishing industries in tribal and backwards areas.
- d. Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much-needed foreign exchange.
- e. Countries that transform their raw materials into a wide variety of furnished goods of a higher value are prosperous.
Describe the importance of manufacturing. [CBSE 2016] or Describe the importance of the manufacturing sector in countries like India.
Ans : [CBSE 2018]
The economic strength of a country lies in the development of manufacturing industries because:
a. Manufacturing industries help in modernising agriculture which forms the backbone of our economy.
b. It reduces the heavy dependence of people on the agriculture sector and creates jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
c. It is necessary for the removal of unemployment and poverty.
d. It brings down regional disparities.
e. Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and enhances prosperity.
f. It brings much-needed foreign exchange